Interlocking Pieces (a.k.a. The Martin Effect)

I happen to be a voracious reader, as I believe most authors are. While it’s true that my main purpose in reading is for the sheer joy of it, I also learn a lot from other writers. It’s one thing to be able to point to a book and express your appreciation of it; it’s another thing, however, to break it down and be able to analyze the specific things about it that worked so well. The ability to analyze technique is important for any aspiring storytelling.

Over the years, no author has taught me more than George R.R. Martin, through A Song of Ice and Fire. His books are brilliantly conceived and executed on every level. Praise for them is almost universal.

One of the many things I’ve learned from Martin is the art of juggling multiple characters and points of view. The means by which he intertwines his stories requires a deft hand, and over the years I’ve taken note of how he does it. One such method I’ve observed is that even when his characters are divided by entire continents, his novels are held together by powerful overarching themes.

And yet not all readers agree that Martin has successfully managed this aspect of storytelling in the two most recent volumes in his series. After bringing his third novel to the edge of a precipice, his fourth novel has been accused by many fans of being a letdown. Boring. Filler. In fact, if you were to poll Martin’s fanbase, you would probably find that a majority holds this opinion.

So, what happened?

This summer, I dove into a reread of the series. As I was coming to the concluding pages of that dramatic third novel, I came across this, a proposal for combining the fourth and fifth novels of Martin’s series and reading them concurrent with each other. The two books take place at the same time, each of them featuring different sets of characters but both proceeding as direct sequels to Book 3.

I decided to alter my reading plan. Instead of tackling the books separately, I decided to intermix them. Let me just say that my reading experience was educational. In a hundred little ways, it becomes clear that these two books and their disparate storylines were never meant to be disparate at all. They are thematically linked. They play off each other in surprising ways. They inform each other. Together, they form one of the best epic fantasy novels I’ve ever read; separately, they’re serviceable parts of a yet-incomplete whole. In short, there’s nothing boring about them.

To me, this serves as an illustration of the importance of stories complementing each other. Intertwining stories and character arcs is a delicate, sophisticated business, and when you mess with this balance the overall work suffers in ways that can be complicated to pinpoint. A great story is the result of many interlocking pieces.

My current work in progress has six viewpoint characters spread across three or four disparate plotlines (depending on how you count it). In order to shrink my novel to a more manageable length, it was suggested to me that I could extract several storylines and split them into different volumes. I thought about this, then divided the chapters, reorganized the material, and found that while the separate storylines were complete in and of themselves, they weren’t nearly as strong as when taken together.

Incidentally, if you feel the individual storylines in your work in progress could stand on their own two feet without the support of the larger volume, you may want to ask yourself whether or not these storylines are as strong as they could be. Perhaps the more interdependent and symbiotic the various aspects of a novel are, the better. In the future, I know I’ll be using the so-called Martin Effect as a gauge.

4 responses on “Interlocking Pieces (a.k.a. The Martin Effect)

  1. RD Meyer

    I think that the more complex the story is meant to be over time, the more in depth the planning of it must be. It’s got to cover more than one book in the series or you’ll be jumping from point to point, and it’ll feel disjointed. It’s one of the hardest things to do for a writer, IMO.
    RD Meyer recently posted..Barbarians at the Gate

  2. Frank Morin

    Excellent post. Good points. I haven’t finished the series, and I’ll keep this in mind when I get to that point.

    You’re tackling a big project by juggling six main POV characters. Many novels that try to do this fall flat because it is such a difficult job to manage, and readers sometimes struggle to identify what the ‘real’ story is about. I agree with the earlier comment that to do this right requires detailed planning of the entire series.

    Good luck!
    Frank Morin recently posted..Check out the Month of Publishing on Fictorians

  3. Evan Braun Post author

    Yes, fairly detailed planning is really important — and yet I don’t necessarily think planning an entre series is practical. Such things can be planned loosely, but when the time actually comes to execute, the outline probably won’t survive. I think the best you can hope for is to plan for certain key moments (two or three per book maybe) and then leave yourself free to invent the specifics about how the story arrives at those moments. A writer needs flexibility.

    That said, Frank: the interconnectedness I’m talking about here is, I think, one of the things that helps a reader identify what the “real” story is about. If everyone’s off doing their own things and there’s no physical or thematic crossovers, then yeah, it’s much more likely to fall flat.

    Brandon: I highly recommend it. When read together, those books resulted in a wildly different reading experience for me.

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